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船東英語口語面試 Part 3

 1.What is the purpose of ISM Audit? What is the Critical Equipment and System?
ISM審核的目的是什么?系統中的關鍵設備指什么?         

Audit is the systematic and independent verification to determine whether ISM activities and results conform to planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are effectively preformed to achieve the objectives of the company and relevant maritime laws.These are those where sudden loss of functional capability or where failure to respond when activated manually or automatically may create high-risk situations or major accidents. For example, main engine, steering gear and so on.
審核是系統地并且不受約束地去檢驗是否ISM活動和結果符合計劃的安排,是否這些安排是預先有效地達到公司和海事法規的目標。指的是突然失去性能或者當手動或自動地作用時會造成高的危險情形或大的事故。例如,主機,舵機等等。          

2.What are the critical Operations and conditions?
什么是關鍵操作和臨界狀態?         

Critical Operations and Conditions are those which have a significant risk of causing major injuries or illness to people, or damage to ship, cargo, other property and/or the environment.
關鍵操作和臨界狀態是指能夠引起對人員所造成重大傷害,造成船舶損壞,貨物或其它的財產和環境的損壞的重大危險的操作。

3. What does Non-Conformity mean? What is Major Non-Conformity?
什么叫不符合?什么是重大不符合?         

Non-Conformity means an observed situation where the objective evidence indicates the Non-Fulfillment of a specified requirement. Major Non-Conformity is an identifiable deviation which poses a serious threat to personnel or ship safety or serious risk to environment. Which requires immediate correction the action. Lack of effective and systematic implementation of the ISM Code is also a Major Non-Conformity.
不符合指的是觀測到的情形而有客觀的證據顯示此情形沒有執行規定的要求。重大不符合是指一個確定的違背,其對人員或船舶的安全/環境造成了嚴重的威脅。此種違背要求立即去改正。對ISM規則缺乏有效的和系統的執行同樣也是一個重大不符合。 

 4.What is a near accident? Please give an example to show your understanding.
什么叫險情?請舉例說明。         

The near accident is a kind of potential danger. If it is worse, it will become an accident. For example, two ships are in close quarters situation.
 險情是一種潛在的危險。如果惡化的話,他會變成一個事故。例如,兩條船非常靠近地航行。         

5.What should be paid attention to in the overhaul of cylinder?
在氣缸大修過程中應該注意什么?         

Every operation must be complied with the preparation measures regulated in the safety meeting or in the SMS. All safety measures must be observed, such as persons should not stand under the engine room crane. The operator, who operated the E/R crane, must operate carefully and smoothly.
每一個操作者都要遵守安全會議或SMS所要求的預防措施。切實遵守各項安全措施,像人員不能站立在機艙的天車下。操作天車的人員必須小心,平穩的操作。         

6.Before entering an enclosed space such as ballast tank, what action will you take?
在進入封閉空間前,(如壓載水艙)應作什么準備工作?        

 Prepare tools. Check all items in the checklist, such as test of content of oxygen, test of explosion point, exploded-proof lamp, good ventilation. Communication means should be available between operators inside and watchman outside and so on. Operators should wear protective clothing a breathing apparatus, a helmet, working boots, lifeline. Also a mark plate “Dangerous Operation in Progress” should be established at the entrance.
準備工具。         

核對檢查單并檢查所有項目,如測量氧氣含量,檢驗爆炸點,防爆燈和通風。進入里面的人和外面值守的人要建立可靠的通訊。操作者應該穿防護衣和攜帶呼吸器,戴安全帽,穿工作鞋,攜帶安全繩。同樣在進入口要放一個告示牌:“在進行危險操作”。

7.Please tell me the minimum safe oxygen percentage for the safety of the workers in an enclosed space.
請說出進入封閉艙室需要的安全氧氣含量         

More than 18% and no more than 23% of oxygen in an enclosed space will be ok for the safety of the workers.
大于18%,小于23% 的氧氣含量是安全的。        

 8.Have you ever seen SOPEP? What is SOPEP?(Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan)
您知道SOPEP嗎?什么是SOPEP?(船舶油污應急計劃)         

Yes, of course. SOPEP stands for Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan.
是的,當然。SOPEP代表船舶油污應急計劃。        

 9.What information you could receive form SOPEP
從SOPEP中你能得到什么信息?         

The SOPEP should contain (but not limited to )the following content; Procedures to be followed by the Master or other crew in case of oil pollution. Pollution reporting system and the authority or persons to becontacted in the event of pollution including the telephone numbers etc. Detailed description of actions to be taken immediately by personson board to reduce or control the discharge of oil after the incident. List of oil spill response equipment to be maintained and prepared on board.(Removers, sprayer, oil absorbent, saw dust, sand, waste rags, scoop. Shovels, buckets, bamboo brooms, portable pump, protective clothing, portable containers.). The essence of the Plan is to avoid any possible oil leakage and oil pollution.Simply speaking, SOPEP should include such things as emergency contacts (telephone and other communication means, address etc), the equipment used in detailing with oil pollution, the muster list for oil pollution, the report procedure when the accident happens etc. SOPEP is compulsory on board most of the ships according to the ISM code.IOPP is the certificate for the vessel that is qualified for the requirements issued by the class on oil pollution prevention.
SOPEP應該包括但不限于以下內容;一旦發生油污染船長和其它船員要遵守的程序。在溢油事件過程中,污染報告系統和要聯系的機構或人員包括電話等等。污染事件發生后,船上人員要立即采取行動去減少或控制油排放的詳細描述。船上要備有要求的防污染設備隨時可用(去油劑,噴霧劑,吸油劑,鋸末,沙,破布,鍬,鏟子,桶,竹掃把,移動泵,防護衣,可移動容器)計劃的本質就是去避免任何可能的漏油和溢油。簡單地說,SOPEP應該包括像應急聯系(電話和其它的通訊方法,地址等等),處理溢油所用的設備,溢油應變部署表,發生事故時的報告程序。根據ISM規則,SOPEP在大多數船上是強制要求的。當船舶符合防污染要求時,船舶會得到船級社簽發的IOPP證書。         

10.Could you list international conventions concerning marine shipping?
您能列出有關海運的國際公約嗎?        

There are many conventions. For example: SOLARS, STCW95, MARPOL73/78…..
 有許多公約。像。。。。。

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